By: Jacob Halpenny
From ancient civilizations of vast empires, wrought through historic trade routes, to struggles for independence and an adherence to non-violent protest. India, it is as diverse in history as it is in geography and has reigned an empire and been the subject to another. Throughout history India has maintained a strong identity of culture and diversity. India is the home to four predominant religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Modern India, under the rule of the British Empire had endured a long strife for its own independence. Brought under British rule via the East India Trading Company in the early 18th century, India endured the next 200 years trying to earn its national independence. In 1857 India underwent a Rebellion which reduced its ties to East India Trading Company and staged an entirely new era directly under British rule.
It is believed that India's modern era began between 1848 and 1885. While new technologies and commercialism entered India it was subsequently mired by economic set-backs forcing Indian merchants to rely on far away markets. By the 1930's the country began to see some economic reform and after 1947, and after George VI ceased to be the emperor of India, a new reform took place and India was offered a first glimpse at its new Secular democracy.
Although India is new to democracy the government has managed to maintain the constitution as well as civil liberties for its inhabitants, it has endured unyielding poverty in both urban and rural centers. India is also subject to frequent Maoist Insurgencies and caste-related violence. On an unfriendly standing with both Pakistan and China, India has been forced to steal itself with nuclear weapons to ward of the threats of encroachers.
Here at PWB, we have 3 projects coming up in India. Stay tuned for the post trip interviews of these awesome projects!